As a web development company, we have used both types of languages for different reasons and have found that there are pros and cons for each. In this article, we will highlight the strengths of Golang and Rust which might sway your decision if you are currently looking for a web development language.
Let’s get into detail and find out which one is better.
Rust Programming Language:
The Rust programming language is a tool for the modern age. It provides speed and efficiency but also keeps security and reliability in mind. When dealing with existing codebases or libraries, this is critical to ensuring that performance is never sacrificed. In many ways, Rust represents the future of software development, and it’s making waves by taking a hard stance on the efficiency of C++ and the safety of Java.
Advantages of Rust:
- Rust is a general-purpose programming language sponsored by Mozilla Research. It is a safe, concurrent, practical language that runs blazingly fast and prevents segfaults by default.
- It strives to compete directly with C++ in performance while eliminating areas of accidental complexity (at least when compared to C++).
- This means that Rust has the potential to replace C++ in many cases where low-level memory manipulation is required.
- Rust has excellent support for working with existing C libraries. It’s designed specifically for that purpose and provides tools (such as the FFI) to make it easy.
- Because it’s designed to work with existing codebases, Rust code can be easily integrated into any project.
Disadvantages of Rust:
- One of the biggest setbacks for Rust is its syntax. Despite being a clean, readable language, many developers consider Rust’s syntax to be too abstract at times.
- Rust’s lack of abstraction leads to a more verbose codebase when compared to Go. The difference in file size between an equivalent Go project and one created with Rust is often around 300-400 lines (depending on size and purpose).
- Rust also has more idiosyncrasies than Go (for example, while Go has no concept of type; this one does), so it can be harder to use when compared to other languages.
- Despite having a compiler in place and a strong standard library, there are still relatively few third-party libraries available in Rust. Additionally, there is a lack of documentation and a steep learning curve.
- The final disadvantage to Rust is the strict adherence to Rust’s design principles. Many developers feel that Rust is too inflexible and immutable sometimes. However, this may not be an issue in areas where safety and security are vital (such as embedded applications). Overall, Rust has excellent support for the language and community, but it’s somewhat unknown, especially in comparison with Go.
Go Programming Language:
Go is a programming language developed primarily by Google as an alternative to C++. When you consider its performance benefits compared to C++, it continues to grow in popularity. Though it’s a relatively new language, Go has found its niche in web and server-side application development. It’s designed to be easy to learn, with a strong focus on standardization, safety, and readability.
Advantages of Go:
- Golang is designed to be easy to learn and easy to read. It is a compiled language, but it’s not as rigid as Rust or C++ in this regard. That is, there are many areas where you can still use dynamic typing while keeping most of the performance benefits.
- Go has a clear focus on simplicity. It uses concurrency (for example, channels and goroutines) to provide the most efficient solutions for common problem sets, as well as allow for fast debugging and testing when necessary.
- It is designed to be very type-safe, with basic types being kept small and forcing the programmer to be explicit about the types of variables used. This can save space in memory use when dealing with large programs that use a lot of data. In addition, the compiler will check your code for errors at compile time (rather than at the run time). This reduces bugs and errors otherwise introduced by runtime errors (such as segfaults).
- Go code can be deployed to a number of commonly used platforms/environments, including Linux, FreeBSD, macOS X, and Windows.
- It is also possible to link with C code (so your program can call into C libraries or utilize C features). This allows you to use all the features of C and C++ when you need them, without dealing with their hassles.
Disadvantages of Go:
- Go supports only one programming language feature: concurrency. This means it can still be slower than high-level languages like Python for some problems (for example, using a callback). There are also concerns about the performance of concurrent code written in Go (especially when compared to languages like Java).
- Go’s standard library is much smaller than Rust or C++ (as a result of Go’s focus on simplicity). While this may not seem like a huge issue, there are areas where the standard library really should be more complete. For example, there isn’t any support for Unicode strings currently… which can cause problems in certain situations.
- In addition to the lack of flexibility when it comes to features, Go also lacks many advanced features when compared to C++ (for example, you can’t create your own data types/classes or use templates). This results in a codebase that is harder to work with when compared to other languages (for example, C++).
- Go has only one compiler option: GCC 4+.
Which Is Better Go Or Rust?
A lot has been said already about the two different languages, and if you are going to make a decision one way or another, the first thing you need to do is figure out which aspect of web development you’re more interested in.
Go Vs. Rust Performance:
Go is a compiled language, therefore its compiler needs to produce native code whenever possible. And that’s exactly what Go does. However, its static type system allows it to run fast at the cost of making its programs bigger than they could be if they were just written in C. Rust, on the other hand, uses its type system to collect runtime information and produce a self-optimizing binary. Most of the time that means that you have to spend some more time compiling Rust into something that you can run. It gets better when you compare the auto-vectorization-based performance of both languages because there are cases where it is 10x faster than Go or 2x faster than Python/Ruby for CPU-bound tasks and so forth.
Go Is Faster Than Rust
Although Rust offers unmatched security and reliability, Go is much faster. Its speed and high productivity make it an obvious option for beginners and an ideal language for the cloud. You can increase your productivity even further by using various libraries like Gorilla’s toolkit or GTP to build powerful web applications. Both are written in Go.
Go Vs. Rust Learning Curve:
Rust’s learning curve is rather steep, especially if you are a beginner. Go, on the other hand, is pretty easy to learn. The syntax is straightforward and if you have any prior experience with dynamic languages like Python or Ruby, you can start pretty easily. The best way to learn Go is by following its official Tour of Go and then taking a look at the popular Golang packages and libraries to understand how they work internally.
Rust Is Harder To Learn Than Go.
Go vs. Rust: Security and Reliability
It’s true that at its core, safety is an important part of Rust’s design. Not only you don’t have to worry about memory safety in Go because of the garbage collector, but it also prevents null pointer dereferences with the help of its type system. In modern systems, security and reliability can be handled using a variety of approaches such as through permissions or firewalls – but they come at the price of performance. Without those tools, you are still left with C where one small mistake would cause the whole application to crash due to memory corruption.
Go guarantees memory safety with garbage collection, which is crucial if you want to write reliable applications. You can make the code more secure by adding extra language features in the form of a type system that prevents buffer overflow and data races. Rust eliminates data races at run time, but it still has some challenges to overcome when it comes to providing low-level memory safety. For example, Rust does not provide any kind of built-in support for concurrency.
Golang Vs Rust: Developer Friendliness
There are a lot of developers working on both platforms, so there are plenty of resources available online for you if you’re looking to get started on one or the other. Rust is more suitable for writing embedded systems, but Go is great for creating simple web applications.
Golang Vs. Rust: Which One To Choose For Web Development?
Golang Developers choose to Go for better concurrency, high performance, safety, and simplicity. Rust is great for highly reliable and secure applications. So it all comes down to a balance between what’s more important to you: performance or security? If a stable high-performance code with less memory usage is what you are looking for, go with Go. On the other hand, if you want your application to be 100% secure and stable while providing better control over memory usage and resource management then the Rust language might be a better fit.
That said, both Rust and Go offer great error handling mechanisms, which can help debug projects quickly and prevent potential errors from happening in the future. If you want to know more about the differences between Rust and Go, check out our full article or contact us.
Both Go and Rust are fantastic languages that can help you build more performant, reliable, and secure web applications without compromising their speed. So the decision comes down to which aspects of web development you feel more comfortable with: concurrency or safety? Or maybe you’d rather not bother with the task of choosing a language at all, but rather just take advantage of what both have to offer instead.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is the difference between server-side and client-side web development?
Web development involves working on both the front-end and back-end at the same time. However, web developers generally get assigned to one such as backend or frontend. These two do interact to bring life to your website, but it’s best to break down what each of them is responsible for in more detail.
Front-End Web Development: As the name suggests, this is all about how your website looks and feels from a user’s point of view. It mainly involves designing the layout, graphical interface, and how the pages are displayed
Back-End Web Development: This is all about who does what within the computer and how their various functions interact with each other. It includes things such as databases, cache, security, and so on.
2. Is it possible to do all the development work under one team?
Yes, it is! Some people would like to have a full-stack team that can take care of both front-end and back-end web development. However, this requires a lot of coordination between the different teams to make sure that everyone is working with the same version of files and code.
3. What are the things to consider when building a website?
When you have a clear idea of what type of website you are looking for, you will be able to get the right people and services. Different things need to be kept in mind when you work on a website. For starters, the overall design should be done in such a way that it catches attention; the content should be simple and informative; it should not overwhelm users with too much information; and finally, the overall navigation needs to be easy for users to follow.
You can hire us for your website development needs! We can help you with both small independent websites and large-scale e-commerce platforms.
4. Can you build a website from start to finish?
Yes, it is possible to do that. However, when you are dealing with a site that contains thousands of pages and images, it can take a lot of time to design, code, and build the site. It is also difficult to have proper synchronization between the front-end and back-end teams; this means that changes in one part of the site may cause problems in another part of the website. You should hire a professional company with years of experience in building reliable websites.